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Dale's Web Pages ONE OUT OF TWO

AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases among men who have sex with men

Review of the literature, by Dale O'Leary

The material presented here was collected by members of the
National Association of Research and Therapy of Homosexuality, NARTH

Table of Contents


CHARTS

Chart A — Results of studies which asked homosexual men if they had engaged in behaviors known to transmit the HIV virus in a given number of months.

The percentage reflects the number who admitted engaging in the behavior as described during the designated period.
 

Primary Author of Study Year Published Men in Study Recruiting Method Study Location Study Duration (months) % Type of Behavior 
(AS - anal sex)
Dawson 1991 502 Sample1 England 1 19.0 unprotected AS
Dawson 1994 677 sample England 1 23.0 unprotected AS
Bauman  1987 160 sample New York City 1 42.0 high risk sexual activity
Kelly 1990 355 gay bars southern cities 2 23.0 unprotected receptive AS
Kelly 1995 5,939 gay bars small cities 2 27.0 unprotected AS
Kelly 1992 1,858 gay bars small cities 2 31.0 unprotected AS
Myers 1992 612 sample Canada 3 16.8 unprotected receptive AS
Myers 1996 4,803 sample Canada 3 22.9 unprotected AS
Kelly 1990 526 gay bars medium cities 3 35.0 unprotected AS
Doll 1991 201 STD clinics Chicago 4 59.0 unprotected AS
    198 STD clinics San Francisco 4 69.0 unprotected AS
    202 STD clinics Denver 4 71.0 unprotected AS
de Wit (a) 1993 642 STD clinics Netherlands 6 40.7 unprotected AS
Kelly (a) 1991 470 gay bars southern cities 6 45.0 unprotected AS
McLean 1994 677 sample England 12 45.0 unprotected AS
Siegle 1988 162 sample New York City 122 70.0 high risk behavior
Kelly (b) 1991 68 prevention3 southern cities 16 39.0 relapsed to unsafe sex
Kaslow 1987 4,955 no AIDS large cities 24 80.0 receptive AS 4
Seagle 19925 275 HIV negative Boston 60 80.3 unprotected receptive AS
de Wit (b) 1993 402 safe 12 months6 Netherlands 88 88.0 relapsed to unsafe sex

1. sample - The researchers tried to collect a representative sample of homosexual men.

2. Two interviews six months apart.

3. These 68 men participated in an intensive AIDS prevention program. After 16 months 39% had relapsed into unsafe behavior.

4. Data collected 1984-1985, respondents were not asked about condom use.

5. This study was published in 1992, but the data was collected from 1985 -1988 on behavior in the previous 5 years. Thus it reflects some pre-AIDS behavior patterns.

6. The criterion for inclusion in the study was that the subject had reported practicing safe sex for 12 consecutive months.
 
 

Chart B — Gay and Bisexual Adolescents - Percentages engaging in unprotected anal sex
 

Primary Author of Study Year Published Men in Study Age Study Location Study Duration (months) % Type of Behavior 
(AS - anal sex)
Lemp 1994 425 males 17-22 San Francisco 6 32.7 unprotected AS
CDC report 1996 1,781 males 15-22 urban areas 6 38.0 unprotected AS.
Remafedi 1994 239 males 13-21 West coast cities lifetime 63.0 extremely high HIV risk due to unprotected AS and/or IV drugs


 

Chart C — Percentage of Young Men who are HIV positive by age group
 

Primary Author of Study Year Published Men Studied Recruiting 
Method
Study Location Age HIV 
Positive 
(%)
Osmond 1994 380 Public places San Francisco 18 to 29 17.9 
CDC 1996 1,781 Public places Urban areas 15-22 7
          15-19 5
          20-22 9
Stricof 1991   Runaways New York City   26

ONE OUT OF TWO — Table of Contents
Dale's Web Pages — HOME

Original text on Dale's Disk — aicharts.rtf - Oct.14, 1999
Reformatted to HTML — 2000 10 21, —WHS