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The Trusts: Men >> Cannon Fodder >> Profits


The Trusts

Casualties in World War II

Otto Gross — One of the fathers of the Politics for The New World Order

The Architecture of Modern Political Power

The New Dark Age — The making, manipulating and control of public opinion

The Shadows of Power

The Sexual Revolution

Wallstreet's Role in the construction of the new world order

What's the price of a human life?

The New World Order — is there anything new under the sun?

It appears that the New World Order, foisted on us under the concept of the global village, is nothing but a continuation and expansion of a trend that was begun by people like Gustav Krupp (The father of Alfred Krupp) and his allies.
    One of our neighbours has a military card collection that he apparently inherited from one of his uncles who had died a "heroic" death fighting the Germans.  The card collection, published in North America and promoted through one product or another (which one it was isn't important for this discussion), of course doesn't paint the Germans in the best of light.  However just as it provides the main input into my neighbour's knowledge of history pertaining to W.W. II, so it must have played a considerable role in bringing my neighbour's uncle to earn the laurels of heroism.  No doubt, the Germans had to be fought, but in the Second World War, as in any other war fought since the end of the last century, any man who died in action had with virtual certainty been killed by arms and ammunition that had been manufactured by the members of an international trust comprised of Krupp and Krupp's co-members in that trust.

 "...In the winter of 1926-1927 Gustav [Krupp] achieved two coups.  The first was the settlement of his dispute with Vickers.  In July 1921 he had filed his claim in Sheffield, asking £260,000 for the use of his Krupp-Patentzünder [patent fuse] during the war.  Under the circumstances this seemed to him to be quite reasonable.  Translated into battlefield terms, it estimated that the British had fired 4,160,000 shells and killed a German with every other one.  Vickers demurred.  The matter was referred by Krupp to the Anglo-German Mixed Arbitration Tribunal, and hearings were held in 1924.  Understandably there are few references to this delicate issue in the Krupp archives.  Vickers's records disclose that "After several adjournments the final hearing was postponed sine die [without any future date being designated].  Eventually, in 1926, a compromise was reached under which Vickers paid Krupps £40,000 [see my note] and in October of that year the proceedings before the Tribunal were closed."  It was some compromise.  Sheffield was insisting the English had used only 640,000 shells.  Again translated, so slight an expenditure would have meant four casualties for each shot.  That was preposterous, but losers can't be choosers, and in the 1920's forty thousand British pounds was most welcome in the Hauptverwaltungsgebäude [Main Administration Building — of Krupp in Essen]. 43 "  [William Manchester's The Arms of Krupp, page 380, Little Brown and Company, 1968]

Chapter Notes:

43.    Scott, p. 151 [Scott, J.D. Vickers: A History, London 1962]; Lehmann-Russbüldt, p. 50 [Lehmann-Russbüldt, Otto. Die blutige Internationale der Rüstungen, Berlin: 1933]

My note: At the time, one British pound was worth about eleven Reich Mark.  To put the value of a mark into perspective, my parents bought their house in 1939 - 40 or so for RM 3,500 and paid RM 400 to have the barn built.  Remember, the settlement between Vickers and Krupp was in gold mark, RM 440,000 — that was real money, not the inflated Reich Mark, almost half a million RM with enormous purchasing power in a country in which there was virtually no cash —WHS

What is even more outrageous is the second coup by Krupp that is described following the quote shown above: Krupp landed 60 million gold mark from the German banks to bail his company out.  The subsidies given to Krupp after W.W. I are estimated to be in the range of 300 million marks and up.  Krupp received the War Merit Cross First Class. [ibid.]

Truly the millions of boys and men on both sides of that war who died in the trenches, many of the German youth no more than 14 years old, weren't anything else but a resource to be used for profit.  Then, as always, men were expendable like cattle.  Remember that when someone tells you that your sons are intended to become "heroes."

However, the settlement with Vickers was only a small episode in Krupp's long history of world-wide trade in arms and in making arms manufacturing agreements with all kinds of companies in the arms industry.  One incident in that long tradition occurred in the Boxer uprising in China, when Chinese guns at the old Taku forts demolished the German gun boat Iltis on the River Hai, their shells penetrating the Krupp armor plates of the Iltis.  The Iltis' Commander Lans, although severely wounded, managed to put a landing party ashore that took the Chinese artillery men from the flank, spiked the guns and then noted metal plates affixed to the breeches that read Fried. Krupp, Essen. [ibid., p. 245]  Not too surprisingly, a similar incident occurred in World War II during the invasion of Norway.

In the last decades before W.W. I enormous wealth could be harvested in the manufacturing and sale of arms, but there was a dilemma.  Each new advance made by one of the players (Krupp in Germany; Schneider in France; Armstrong & Vickers in England, and the Austrian Skoda in Czechoslovakia, were being joined by Mitsui in Japan) made it necessary for the other players to come up with new inventions that would neutralize or surpass the advance.  One of the instances where Krupp guns (with Krupp gun crews) provided great military gains were the great advances made by the Boers when they defeated three British Armies in one week. [ibid., p. 248]

By the end of the 19th century, 12 years after Friedrich Krupp had taken over from his father, he was the official armorer of not only Germany but also "of Moscow, Vienna and Rome and had sold 40,000 guns to the capitals of Europe—"enough," the Nation subsequently predicted, "to make them believers in the necessity of armed peace."  Krupp was being showered with decorations by rulers from all corners of Europe (sixteen of these decorations were for extraordinary heroism).

    "There appeared to be no end to Krupp's stratagems.  Probably the most profitable was what the amused Kaiser called his Schutz- and Trutzwaffen schaukeln, his defensive and offensive seesaw.  It worked this way.  Having perfected his nickel steel armor, Fritz advertised it in every chancellery.  Armies and navies invested in it.  [ibid. p. 248] Then he unveiled chrome steel shells that would pierce the nickel steel.  Armies and navies invested again.  Next—this was at the Chicago fair [in 1893] ... he appeared with a new high-carbon armor plate that would resist the new shells.  Orders poured in.  But just when every general and admiral thought that he had equipped his forces with invincible shields, Fritz popped up again.  Good news for the valiant advocates of attack:  it turned out that the improved plate could be pierced by "capped shot" with explosive noses, which cost like the devil.  The governments of the world dug deep into their exchequers, and they went right on digging.  Altogether thirty of them had been caught in the lash and counterlash.

    Now and then eyebrows were raised, but events were moving too swiftly; before a perceptive critic could clear his throat Fritz was exploring a new approach whose very existence was unsuspected.  In the last four years of the century he actually contrived to siphon cash from competing steel makers.  His instrument was a primitive munitions trust.  By 1897 there were two basic processes for case-hardening armor plate.  One was Krupp's; the other had been invented by an American, H. A. Harvey.  Under the Harvey United Steel Company, which existed only on paper and whose chairman was Albert Vickers, the patents were exchanged.  All member organizations—Krupp, Vickers, Armstrong, Schneider, Carnegie, and Bethlehem Steel—agreed to pool information about hardening techniques and Krupp received a royalty of $45 on each ton of hull armor produced." [ibid. p. 249]

However, that wasn't all, in 1902 Krupp and Vickers made a deal by which Krupp would make the details of a new timed fuse, plus details of any future improvements, available to Vickers, and by which Vickers would stamp each shell they produced KPz (Krupp Patentzünder) and pay Essen one shilling three pence for each shell fired.  [ibid., p. 250] The settlement of the claims under that royalty agreement took place in 1926 and has been described above.

The close alliance between the members of this trust appears to have existed well into Hitler's regime.  Judith A. Reismann touched on it in Kinsey: Crimes & Consequences p. 306.  She mentions that Rockefeller (Standard Oil, which became S.O. or ESSO after divestiture) had close ties to the German Arms industry and that lobbying took place well into 1942 to provide a secure supply of oil to the Nazis.

Cartoon: Early 1900s US citizens viewed big bunisess "trusts" as internationalists and abusive of the people's interests. 
[Kinsey: Crimes & Consequences, p. 307]

It isn't very likely that we'll see cartoons that are critical of the big trusts in today's mainstream media.  The latter is firmly owned by the trusts and dominated by the latter's sympathizers and supporters.  A general public discussion of the aims of the trusts and their impact on the well-being of civilization is no longer feasible, unless the general public becomes aware and concerned through means other than the mainstream media.

Nevertheless, a situation very similar to the incident at the Taku Forts in China during the Boxer uprising happened in the beginning of the invasion of Norway.  On page 459 of The Arms of Krupp William Manchester reports that the firm had become much more than a weapons forge during the regime of Hitler.

To an extent unprecedented in the history of industry, a corporation had become an integral part of a warlord's apparatus....two months before the invasion of Denmark, Krupp's Copenhagen agent was sending OKW [Oberkommando der Wehrmacht: General Headquarters of the German Armed Forces —WHS] coded information on the Danish armaments establishments.
    He was working under intense pressure; Hitler's formal directive for the conquest of Scandinavia (Weserübung) was not issued until three weeks later, and when the fleet sailed north at 5:15 a.m. on April 9, 1940, Krupp's representative in Norway was caught off-guard.  Fifteen miles south of Oslo, where the fifty-mile Oslo Fjord narrows perceptibly, stood the eighty-five-year-old fortress of Oscaborg.  Essen's man in the Norwegian capital had been ordered to send [the] OKW detailed information on the defenders' strongpoints, but in his haste he had overlooked that Oscarborg was armed with ancient 28-cm Krupp cannon.  Despite their age they were in superb condition.  In a blaze of deadly fire they crippled one heavy cruiser, Lützow, and sank another, Blücher, with a loss of 1,600 seamen and several Gestapo officials who where on their way to proclaim Vidkung Quisling dictator of Norway.  Oskar Kummetz, the admiral commanding the squadron, was obliged to swim ashore.  The rest of the ships had to turn back for twenty-four hours.  The Wilhelmstrasse [street in Berlin where the Armed Forces Heaquarters were located —WHS] was outraged by this insult to the German flag, and Altendorferstrasse [street in Essen where the main administration of Krupp was located —WHS], feeling partly responsible for it, was humiliated.  Forty years earlier the Boxers had done the same thing at China's Taku forts.  The All-Highest [nickname for the Kaiser —WHS] had visited his wrath upon Fritz Krupp then, and the new leader's temper was even shorter.  There was no telling what he would do.  In fact, he did nothing.  He was far more understanding of the pitfalls of the arms trade than any of his predecessors.  Even when he learned that the firm's last big foreign sale before the beginning of the hostilities in Poland had been a warship delivered to the Soviet Union [see my note —WHS], he kept his patience.  After all, he observed tolerantly, it wasn't always possible to tell who tomorrow's enemies would be, and at present Russia was an ally anyhow.

My note: When I was taught in 1948 about the involvement of Krupp in profiting from the war, we were told that the warship had sailed for delivery — loaded to the hilt with artillery shells — to Soviet Russia on or about the same day that the invasion of Poland began.  Unfortunately, I can only recall that from memory and have no sources for that information. —WHS

The trusts have been extremely successful in dispelling the public's fears of world domination by the trusts.  Even the term trust is no longer in general use.  Today we speak of multi-national conglomerates and such, and critiques of internationalism have been replaced by general benevolence toward global aims that are being promoted through the U.N..  However, concerns about about global conspiracies are not dying down and are being kept alive on the Internet, as on the R.I.E. web site, as at http://watch.pair.com/FreedomHouse.html, and as in The New World Odor Stories

If you are interested in the subject (you should be), use one of the Internet search engines and make a search for Bilderbergs.  Currently (as of 1999 04 13) there are about 130 URLs that will provide information on the subject.  Another term to be searched for, illuminati, also provides a list of URLs.

Additional reading:

For an exhaustive analysis of the Nazi connection or, rather, the connection of well-known institutions, such as Ford, GM, Rockefeller, Monsanto, the CIA, and some of the US and international banks (involved in handing over Jewish bank accounts to the Nazis) that had strong connections to the business interests connected with, and who were themselves connected to, the Nazis, check: National Socialism, a chapter from:

The Architecture of Modern Political Power

Compiled and edited, with introductory and interstitial essays and commentary, by Daniel Pouzzner (Full Story)

See also information about the Frankfurt School, for a history of ultra-left liberalism and for a history of the manipulation, making and control of public opinion: THE NEW DARK AGE- The Frankfurt School and "Political Correctness," by Michael J. Minnicino.  It's listed as one of the works that report about the impact of the views of Otto Gross, one of the fathers of the New World politics.  (Excerpt pertaining to Otto Gross)

The Sexual Revolution and its Role in the Social Revolution from within

Daniel Pouzzner and Michael J. Minnicino both identify the ideological origins of the shift in political power.  It must be stressed that the shift would not have been successful if it had not been aided by the systematic deconstruction of traditional moral standards, particularly not without the deliberate planned destruction of the family.

A related collection of information regarding the history of the social Marxist revolution from within the US is introduced by Steve Lashuk in


By  Dr. Gerald Atkinson
Web site at: http://www.newtotalitarians.com

Dr. Atkinson stresses that the Marxist revolution from within proceeded in the US through largely peaceful means that were no less effective than the more radical terrorist methods often employed in Europe.

Erin Pizzey reports that the funding for the promotion of radical feminism was derived from the usurpation of the women's shelter movement by radical feminists (a.k.a. redfems), who, she says, now command and direct the continuing advancement of the agenda of radical feminism — which some describe as Marxism without economics — from within the safety of battered women's shelters that they use as bunkers in the war for the planned destruction of the family.  Thereby they now have a virtually inexhaustible source of funding fueled by the public sentiment for the plight of women (sentiments that are being created largely through the strategies and tactics designed by the Frankfurt School).   (FROM THE PERSONAL TO THE POLITICAL, a chapter from Erin Pizzey's Women or Men Who Are The Victims?, December 2000, CIVITAS; e-mail books@civitas.org.uk.)

Karin Jäckel. Ph.D., describes in her book Deutschland frisst seine Kinder (translated: "Germany devours its children" September 2000), how the process of feminist subversion progressed in Germany and states:

The majority of today's 50- to 60-year-old politicians and especially those of the red-green government party looks back at active political presence or passive sympathizing in connection with the student revolts of the late sixties to seventies. Some made their reputations as rioters and throwers of tomatoes. Others sympathized later with the RAF. [RAF: Rote-Armee-Fraktion, in English: The Red Army Faction].... (Ibid. pp. 134, 135)

In the meantime it has become clear beyond all doubt that the movement of the student revolts of '68 had been financed and promoted out of the ex-GDR [the then communist East Germany], over and above the private motivations of youthful ideologues. ... (Ibid. p. 136)

One of the compulsory subjects [being taught at the German universities] was the «feminist bible» by Simone de Beauvoir, the student and life partner of Jean-Paul Sartres, that had been published in Germany in 1951 under the global name of «The other sex». ... (Ibid. p. 137)

The second compulsory subject of '68 was deemed to be Friedrich Engels' 1884 paper in which «The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State» is rolled out.

Hardly anyone from the younger generations still knows Friedrich Engels. Even the older ones almost forgot or never knew him.

Nevertheless, it is his world-view which like no other molded our present. ... (Ibid. p. 138)

(In the section: Friedrich Engels and Simone de Beauvoir, the shining apostles of contemporary family politics,
pp. 134, 135, 136 in
Germany devours its children — Families today: Exploited and burned out;
German Title: Deutschland frisst seine Kinder — Familien heute: Ausgebeuted – ausgebrannt, Karin Jäckel, September 2000, Rowohlt Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH, Reinbek bei Hamburg, ISBN 3-499-60929-0)

The sexual revolution was an important facet of the social revolution from within that got imported in 1933 from the Frankfurt School in Germany to the USA. A number of leaders in American society and the purveyors of the social revolution from within studied at the Frankfurt School (and not all of them being originally German, but many of them having been from American high society who went to Germany to find themselves and did). The bankrupt Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Sex Research in Berlin, founded by homosexual Magnus Hirschfeld, got bailed out by Rockefeller and received generous funding from Rockefeller to permit it to continue its operation. 

It should therefore not surprise anyone that the flawed sex research of Alfred Kinsey at the Indiana University, too, got generously funded by Rockefeller and culminated in being actively promoted by the Rockefeller owned- and controlled press with the publishing of Kinsey's research in 1948 in the volume Sexual Behavior in the Human Male and in the 1953 volume Sexual Behavior in the Human Female.  The outcomes of the sexual revolution kicked off by Kinsey's research are documented in Judith A. Reisman's Kinsey: Crime & Consequences in the chapter Post Kinsey  — The Fallout of the Sexual Revolution (Excerpts – Graphs)

In the eighties, during the Regan Administration, some concerns were begun to be expressed about the escalating sexualization of American Society, and what could be described as a sexual counterrevolution began, but by that time the social revolution from within had thoroughly permeated all of American society.  Scott Stossel presents a review of The Sexual Counterrevolution as seen from the 'liberal' point of view.  The following works are reviewed in his essay:

Ellen Fein and Sherrie Schneider, The Rules: Time-tested Secrets for Capturing the Heart of Mr. Right (Warner Books, 1995). 

John Heidenry, What Wild Ecstasy: The Rise and Fall of the Sexual Revolution (Simon & Schuster, 1997). 

Samuel Janus and Cynthia Janus, The Janus Report on Sexual Behavior (John Wiley & Sons, 1993). 

Alfred Kinsey, Sexual Behavior in the Human Male (W.B. Saunders, 1948). 

Robert T. Michael, John H. Gagnon, Edward O. Laumann, and Gina Kolata, Sex in America: A Definitive Survey (Little, Brown, 1994). 

The National Survey of Family Growth, Cycle Five (National Center for Health Statistics, 1997). 

Katie Roiphe, Last Night in Paradise: Sex and Morals at the Century's End (Little, Brown, 1997). 

Gabriel Rotello, Sexual Ecology: AIDS and the Destiny of Gay Men (Dutton, 1997).

The state of the sexual revolution

Men are the losers of the sexual revolution, by Paul Craig Roberts.

Although it is easy to agree with all of the consequences of the sexual revolution described in Paul Craig Roberts' article, his conclusion that men are the losers is not taken far enough. All of civilization is the loser.

Without men being an equitable part of society we can't have functioning families. Without functioning families we cannot have a well-functioning society. Without a functioning society we cannot have a civilization worth speaking off.

We now have two classes of people: women and sub-human men. That is a society not much better than what the Nazis wanted to create for Aryans and non-Aryans or what existed during the days of slavery anywhere.

How serious the losses for all of society are will become apparent within a very few years, when all people begin to realize what the consequences are of the developed nations losing their population at the rate of 30 percent with every successive generation, and that within three to five generations the Caucasian Race will have virtually disappeared from the face of the Earth.  The decline of Humanity won't stop there.

For more reading on the history, symptoms and consequences of the sexual revolution, see:

  • Kinsey : Crimes & Consequences, by Judith A. Reisman, PhD. Excerpts

  • Now and Then — A Comparison; Parallels between the methods used in the Nazi's extermination of millions of Jews and those used in the whole-sale destruction of our families in the 21st century

  • The Demographics of Death, or The Decline & Fall of the Human Empire 

    Comparison of two UN world-population projections
    Source: Counting Down, The New Scientist, October 2, 1999

    The low projection, based on the UN Population Report, still appears to be overly optimistic.  The UN doesn't seem to have a good appreciation even of short-term world population trends.  Within about half a year of preparing for the arrival of the 6th billionth human alive on Earth, the UN postponed the arrival date four times by one month.
       The rapidly declining total fertility rates in all nations of the world cause an increasing number of UN member nations, (84 at last count) to be unable to maintain births at required replacement levels.  The Western nations are losing population at the rate of about 30 percent with every successive generation.  Full story


[The following text from the Otto Gross web site is my translation of excerpts. —WHS]

Index of original works and secondary writings

compiled by Raimund Dehmlow and Gottfried Heuer

Laurentius [publisher]


Almost 80 years after his death Otto Gross is more presentable than ever — the indicated bibiography lists 456 works alone for the period from 1981 to 1999, that treat his life, work and influence centrally or marginally, and which reflect an interest that led in 1999 to the founding of the International Otto Gross Society.  The "phenomenon Otto Gross" is many-layered – and nevertheless clear: it symbolizes the search for a "better society," for the dissolution of gender-relations, which proved to be oppressive, [the search] for Utopias in a time that lacked sound concepts and meaningfulness.

[Note: The word "meaningfulness" is an approximation of the German word Sinnhaftigkeit, for which I could find neither a definition nor a translation.  My interpretation of Sinnhaftigkeit is "the state of having meaning and purpose."  I suppose that the English expression that comes closest is "sense of direction." --WHS]

The complete bibliography, which contains all known photographs of Otto Gross, can be ordered from Laurentius Publishers.  Additional information about Otto Gross can be obtained from the International Otto Gross Society.  [The bibliography contains entries for a large number of English texts. —WHS]

The following are comments on, and an abstract of, Otto Gross' biography by Franz Jung.  The original text of the biography is in German.

What I find fascinating about the circumstances is that the writings by Otto Gross appeal to Neo-Nazis, Communists, homosexuals, anti-family, anti-establishment and anti-male interest groups alike.

It seems that the achievements of Otto Gross and the Frankfurt School resulted in nothing other than the promotion of anarchism and nihilism; if not that, then at least in the abolition of order; thereby the promotion of social chaos.  Why would any democratic government actively promote such goals and in effect become the supporter of radical aims?  The answer to that can be found in the Communist Manifesto that is the basis of radical feminism and the UN gender agenda. (If the term "radical feminism" (a.k.a. Marxist- or socialist-feminism) is somewhat new to you, you need to expand your knowledge.  After all, radical feminism, the currently controlling faction of feminism, governs just about everything that is happening in your life.  See,

Carey Roberts column

Carey Roberts is an analyst and commentator on political correctness. His best-known work is an exposé on Marxism and the roots of radical feminism.

Carey Roberts' best-known work, his exposé on Marxism and the roots of radical feminism, is not necessarily easy to find, but this link will help with that. (Some of the URLs for the article series appear to keep changing.  For that reason the identified link leads to an Internet search for the series.  The first or second link in the return list will most likely lead you to the series.)

The "search for a better society" most certainly has brought us closer to chaos than any other effort could have accomplished if it had pursued that goal with single-minded intent.

I looked at the biography written by Franz Jung that is accessible at the site and got the impression that Otto Gross, although obviously intelligent, wasn't an entirely savory character.

Ottto Gross was born in 1877.

Otto Gross travelled in Italy, Germany, Switzerland and Holland, his all-consuming interest: to eliminate suffering in the world.  However, the biography never listed any of his achievements in that field other than mentioning that and what he wrote about it.

He was active in anarchistic circles, who welcomed him with open arms.  He was a drug addict (morphine, cocaine, opium) and adulterer.  He had studied medicine but never specialized in any particular field.  He became interested in botany and zoology, but dropped those and became an assistant to Freud (for a very short time).  Freud appears to have convinced him to become a psychoanalyst.  Gross lectured for a while but seems not to have had a great liking for that and was apparently fired from his teaching position, apparently mainly because he excelled in being absent at his lectures.

During the war Gross began to practice medicine, so that he could become financially independent.  It was about time, as he would have been about 37 years old, and it seems that up to then he had been financially supported by his father.

Then his father died and Otto Gross appears to have fallen apart at the seams.  He lived in Vienna at the time, apparently indigent (no more support payments) and lived with no means of support other than occasionally bumming a handout in some of the coffee houses.

Otto Gross died February 13, 1920.

It seems to me that he was the first hippie of note but would be more correctly described as a devout beatnik.  Apparently his followers would have us adopt his life style and thereby solve all population problems.  As to the elimination of suffering in the world, well, you can't make an omelet without breaking eggs.  Any revolution requires sacrifices.  Otto Gross' sacrifice was his own life, it seems, but why does all of society have to pay the enormous costs of a social experiment that is doomed to failure and, if carried to its conclusion, would spell the end of civilization?  Well, although much has come of it, nothing of that has been good.

In general though, why would anyone want to follow the teachings of Otto Gross?  He couldn't come to terms with his own demons.  Why should he be anyone's model?  Michael J. Minnicino makes a similar observation by stating:

"It is sobering to realize the number of intellectuals now worshipped as cultural heroes who were influenced by the New Age madness in Ascona. . ." the madness of which Otto Gross was a considerable part.

The following is an excerpt from THE NEW DARK AGE

An overwhelming amount of the philosophy and artifacts of the American counterculture of the 1960's, plus the New Age nonsense of today, derives from a large-scale social experiment sited in Ascona, Switzerland from about 1910 to 1935.

Originally a resort area for members of Helena Blavatsky's Theosophy cult, the little Swiss village became the haven for every occult, leftist and racialist sect of the original New Age movement of the early twentieth century. By the end of World War I, Ascona was indistinguishable from what Haight-Ashbury would later become filled with health food shops, occult book stores hawking the I Ching, and Naturmenschen, "Mr. Naturals" who would walk about in long hair, beads, sandals, and robes in order to "get back to nature."

The dominant influence in the area came from Dr. Otto Gross, a student of Freud and friend of Carl Jung, who had been part of Max Weber's circle when Frankfurt School founder Lukacs was also a member. Gross took Bachofen to its logical extremes, and, in the words of a biographer, "is said to have adopted Babylon as his civilization, in opposition to that of Judeo-Christian Europe.... if Jezebel had not been defeated by Elijah, world history would have been different and better.  Jezebel was Babylon, love religion, Astarteam, Ashtoreth; by killing her, Jewish monotheistic moralism drove pleasure from the world."

Gross's solution was to recreate the cult of Astarteam in order to start a sexual revolution and destroy the bourgeois, patriarchal family. Among the members of his cult were: Frieda and D.H. Lawrence; Franz Kafka; Franz Werfel, the novelist who later came to Hollywood and wrote The Song of Bernadette; philosopher Martin Buber; Alma Mahler, the wife of composer Gustave Mahler, and later the liaison of Walter Gropius, Oskar Kokoschka, and Franz Werfel; among others. The Ordo Templis Orientalis (OTO), the occult fraternity set up by Satanist Aleister Crowley, had its only female lodge at Ascona.

It is sobering to realize the number of intellectuals now worshipped as cultural heroes who were influenced by the New Age madness in Ascona--including almost all the authors who enjoyed a major revival in America in the 1960's and 1970's. The place and its philosophy figures highly in the works of not only Lawrence, Kafka and Werfel, but also Nobel Prize winners Gerhardt Hauptmann and Hermann Hesse, H.G. Wells, Max Brod, Stefan George, and the poets Rainer Maria Rilke and Gustav Landauer. In 1935 Ascona became the headquarters for Carl Jung's annual Eranos Conference to popularize agnosticism.

Next: World War II Casualties

1999 10 17
2000 03 17 (to update links for The Architecture of Modern Political Power)
2000 06 03 (to replace page header and to install links to the Communist Manifesto and the UN gender agenda)
2000 11 05 (to add index entry for The Shadows of Power)
2001 02 04 (format changes)
2001 04 25 (added section on The Sexual Revolution)
2001 08 22 (added link to Wallstreet's Role in the construction of the new world order)
2001 09 03 (added The state of the sexual revolution)
2007 04 15 (reformated page)