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 Male and Female Perpetrated Partner Abuse

 

Table of Contents

 

Chapter 1

 

Chapter 2 Part 1

 

Chapter 2 Part 2

 

Chapter 2 Part 3

 

Chapter  3 Part 1

 

Chapter 3 Part 2

 

Chapter 3 Part 3

 

Chapter 3 Part 4

 

Chapter 4

 

Chapter 5 Part 1

 

Chapter 5 Part 2

 

Chapter 5 Part 3

 

Chapter 5 Part 4

 

Chapter 5 Part 5

 

Chapter 5 Part 6

 

Chapter 6 Part 1

 

Chapter 6 Part 2

 

Appendix A

 

Appendix B

 

Appendix C

 

References

Male and Female Perpetrated Partner Abuse: Testing a Diathesis-Stress Model 

by Reena Sommer

Appendix B

Appendix B

Independent Measures

Part 1: Demographic Information

Please describe the following characteristics about yourself.

1. When were you born?

day . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ____
month . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ____
year. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19__

2. What is your gender?

Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

3. What is your marital status?

Single . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Married. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Living with partner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Widowed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Separated. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Divorced. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  . . . . .[ ]
Married, but previously divorce. . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

4. How many times have you been divorced?

Number of times . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ____

5. Has there been any change in your marital status in the past two years?

Yes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  . . .. . . . . . .[ ]
No . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  . . .. . . .[ ]

6. What has been the change to?

Married. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Remarried . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [ ]
Separated. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Divorced . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Widowed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

7. What is the highest grade you attended or degree/diploma you received?

some grade school. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
completed grade school . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
some high school . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
completed high school. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
some college or technical diploma. . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
university graduate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
some post graduate work. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
master's degree or doctorate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

8. What is your current employment status?

working full time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
working part time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
unemployed, but looking for work . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
full time student. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
part time student. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
retired. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

9. In your most recent job, what was/is your title?

_______________________________________________________________

10. What is your spouse/partner's employment status?

working full time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
working part time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
unemployed, but looking for work . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
full time student. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
part time student. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
retired. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
do not have a spouse/partner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

11. So that we can compare this study with the whole population by
    broad income groups, indicate your income for the past year
    (that is, total income before taxes, including wages, welfare
    income, farm income, interest, dividends, etc.) of all members
    of the family presently residing in this household by circling
    one of these income categories.

Under $10,000. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
$10,000-$20,0000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
$20,000-$35,0000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
$35,000-$50,0000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Over $50,000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Don't know . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

12. What is your religion?

Catholic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Protestant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Jewish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
No religious preference. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

13. What is your racial background?

White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Black. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Asian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Native . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

14. To which ethnic or cultural group do you feel you belong?

_____________________________________________________________

Screening for alcohol consumption:

1. Did you yourself drink any alcohol in the last 12 months?
[Any wine, beer or liquor - even a taste]

Yes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
No. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

 If NO,

2. Was there ever a time when you drank wine, beer or liquor or anything
containing alcohol even once?

Yes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
No. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

 [SKIP TO Q. 68]

Part 2: Volume Variability Index (VVI)

THE NEXT QUESTIONS ASK ABOUT YOUR USE OF BEER, WINE AND LIQUOR
OVER THE PAST YEAR.

1. First of all, how often do you usually have wine?

Three or more times a day . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Two times a day . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Once a day. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Nearly everyday . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Three or four times a week. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Once or twice a week. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
One to three times a month. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Less than once a month but at least once a year . . . . . .[ ]
Less than once a year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
I have never had wine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

2. Now, think of all the times you have had wine recently. When you
drink wine, how many glasses do you usually have?

One or two glasses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Three or four glasses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Five or six glasses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
More than six glasses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

3. About how many times during the past 12 months did you have eight
or more glasses of wine at a sitting?

Nearly everyday . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
One to three times a week . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
One to three times a month. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Less than once a month. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Never . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

4. How often do you usually have beer?

Three or more times a day . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Two times a day . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Once a day. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Nearly everyday . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Three or four times a week. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Once or twice a week. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
One to three times a month. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Less than once a month but at least once a year . . . . . .[ ]
Less than once a year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
I have never had beer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

5. Now, think of all the times you have had beer recently.  When you
   drink beer, how many glasses do you usually have?

One or two glasses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Three or four glasses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Five or six glasses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
More than six glasses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

6. About how many times during the past 12 months did you have eight
   or more glasses of beer at a sitting?

Nearly everyday . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
One to three times a week . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
One to three times a month. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Less than once a month. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Never . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

7. How often do you usually have drinks containing liquor (such as
   Martinis, Manhattans, or straight drinks)?

Three or more times a day. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [ ]
Two times a day. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [ ]
Once a day . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [ ]
Nearly everyday. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [ ]
Three or four times a week . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [ ]
Once or twice a week . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [ ]
One to three times a month . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [ ]
Less than once a month but at least once a year. . . . . . [ ]
Less than once a year. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [ ]
I have never had liquor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [ ]

8. Now, think of all the times you have had liquor recently. When you
   drink liquor, how many drinks do you usually have?

One or two drinks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Three or four drinks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Five or six drinks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
More than six drinks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

9. About how many times during the past 12 months did you have eight
   or more drinks of liquor at a sitting?

Nearly everyday . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
One to three times a week . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
One to three times a month. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Less than once a month. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
Never . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

Part 3: Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test
  (Short Form) (SMAST)

HERE ARE SOME MORE QUESTIONS ABOUT EXPERIENCES YOU MAY HAVE HAD
BECAUSE OF YOUR DRINKING.  INDICATE YOUR RESPONSE TO EACH STATEMENT BY
A "YES" OR "NO".

1. Do you feel you are a normal drinker? (By normal we mean you drink
less than or as much as most other people).

2. Have you ever gotten into trouble at work because of drinking?

3. Have you had delirium tremens (DT's), severe shaking, heard voices,
or seen things that weren't there after heavy drinking?

4. Do your friends or relatives think you are a normal drinker?

5. Have you ever attended a meeting of Alcoholics Anonymous?

6. Have you ever lost a boy/girl friend because of your drinking?

7. Have you ever neglected your obligations, your family, or your work
for two or more days in a row because you were drinking?

8. Have you ever gone to anyone for help about your drinking?

9. Have you ever been in a hospital because of your drinking?

10. Does your wife, husband, a parent or other near relative ever
    worry or complain about your drinking?

11. Do you ever feel guilty about your drinking?

12. Are you able to stop drinking when you want to?

13. Has your drinking ever created problems between you and your
    wife, husband, a parent, or other near relative?

Part 4: Alcohol Dependence Data
Schedule (SADD)

THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS COVER A WIDE RANGE OF TOPICS TO DO WITH YOUR
CURRENT DRINKING PATTERNS. USE THE RESPONSE CARDS TO INDICATE YOUR
ANSWER TO THE QUESTION.

 1. Do you find difficulty in getting the thought of drink out of your mind? Never Sometimes Often Nearly Always
 2. Is getting drunk more important than your next meal?        
 3. Do you plan your day around when and where you can drink?        
 4. Do you drink in the morning, afternoon and evening (i.e., during the same day)?        
 5. Do you drink for the effect of alcohol without caring what the drink is?        
 6. Do you drink as much as you want irrespective of what you are doing the next day?        
 7. Given that many problems are caused by alcohol, do you still drink too much?        
 8. Do you know that you won't be able to stop drinking once you start?        
 9. Do you try to control your drinking by giving it up completely for days or weeks at a time?        
10. The morning after a heavy drinking session, do you need your first to get yourself going?        
11. The morning after a heavy drinking session, do you wake up with a definite shakiness of your hands?        
12. After a heavy drinking session, do you wake up and retch or vomit?        
13. The morning after a heavy drinking session, do you go out of your way to avoid people?        
14. After a heavy drinking session, do you see frightening that you later realize were imaginary?        
15. Do you go drinking and the next day find you have forgotten what happened the night before?        

Part 5: Diagnostic Interview Schedule
(DIS III R)

THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS ASK ABOUT YOUR DRINKING HABITS. PLEASE CIRCLE
THE NUMBER THAT BEST DESCRIBES YOU. YES [ ] NO [ ]

People differ in their reactions to alcohol.  So it is important that
we ask you first about your experience with wine, beer or other
alcoholic drinks, and then about the problems some people have with
alcohol.

 1. How old were you when you first had any wine, beer, or liquor at
   least once a month (for 6 months or more)?

year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19____
month. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ______

 2. What is the largest number of drinks that you've ever had in one day?

number of drinks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ______

 3. When did you first have as much as 20 drinks in one day?

year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19____
month. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ______

 4. Has there ever been a period of two weeks when everyday you were
   drinking at least 7 drinks --- that could include beers, glasses of
   wine, or drinks of any kind?

YES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
NO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

 5. When did you first have a period of two weeks when you drank at
   least 7 drinks everyday?

year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19____
month. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ______

 6. Has there ever been a couple of months or more when at least one
   evening a week you drank 7 or more drinks or bottles of beer or
   glasses of wine?

YES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
NO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

 7. When was the first time that at least one evening a week you drank
   7 or more drinks?

year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19____
month. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ____

NEVER [ ]
SOMETIMES [ ]
OFTEN [ ]
NEARLY ALWAYS [ ]

 8. Have you ever gone on binges or benders where you kept drinking for a
   couple of days or more without sobering up?

 9. Did you neglect some of your usual responsibilities then?

10. Did you do that several times or go on a binge that lasted a
    month or more?

11. Did you ever get tolerant to alcohol, that is, you needed to
    drink a lot more in order to get an effect, or found that you
    could no longer get high on the amount you used to drink?

12. After you had been drinking for a while, did you find that you
    began to be able to drink a lot more before you would get drunk
    (before your speech got thick or you were unsteady on your feet)?

13. Did your ability to drink more without feeling it last for a
    month or more?

14. Have there been many days when you drank much more than you
    expected to when you began, or have you often continued drinking
    for more days in a row than you intended to?

15. Have you more than once wanted to stop drinking but couldn't?

16. Some people try to control their drinking by making rules, like
    not drinking before 5 o'clock or never drinking alone. Have you
    ever made rules like that for yourself?

17. Did you make these rules because you were having trouble
    limiting the amount you were drinking?

18. Did you try to follow those rules for a month or longer or make
    rules for yourself several times?

19. Has there ever been a period when you spent so much time
    drinking alcohol or getting over its effects that you had little
    time for anything else?

20. Did the period when you spent a lot of time drinking last a
    month or longer?

21. Have you ever given up or greatly reduced important activities
    in order to drink --- like sports, work, or associating with
    friends or relatives?

22. Did you give up or cut down on activities to drink for a month
    or more?

23. Has your drinking or being hung over often kept you from working
    or taking care of children?

24. Have you often worked or taken care of children at a time when
    you had drunk enough alcohol to make your speech thick or to
    make you unsteady on your feet?

25. Have you ever had fits or seizures after stopping or cutting
    down on your drinking?

26. Did you ever need a drink just after you had gotten up (that is,
    before breakfast)?

27. Did you take a drink right after you got up to keep from having
    a hangover or the shakes?

28. Have you ever taken a drink to keep from having withdrawal
    symptoms or to make them go away?

Part 6: Eysenck Personality Questionnaire
-Revised (EPQ-R)

PLEASE ANSWER EACH QUESTION BY PUTTING A TICK IN THE BOX UNDER THE
"YES" OR THE "NO" FOLLOWING THE QUESTION. WORK QUICKLY AND DO NOT THINK
TOO LONG ABOUT THE EXACT MEANING OF THE QUESTIONS.

  1. Do you have many different hobbies?
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

  2. Do you stop to think things over before doing anything?
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ] 

  3. Does your mood often go up and down?
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ] 

  4. Have you ever taken praise for something you knew someone else had
     really done? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

  5. Do you take much notice of what people think? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

  6. Are you a talkative person? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

  7. Would being in debt worry you? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

  8. Do you ever feel "just miserable" for no reason?
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ] 

  9. Do you give money to charities? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 10. Were you ever greedy by helping yourself to more than your share
     of anything? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 11. Are you rather lively? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 12. Would it upset you a lot to see a child or animal suffer? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 13. Do you often worry about things you should not have done or said? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 14. Do you dislike people who don't know how to behave themselves? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 15. If you say you will do something do you always keep your promise
     no matter how inconvenient it might be? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 16. Can you usually let yourself go and enjoy yourself at a lively
     party?
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ] 

 17. Are you an irritable person? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 18. Should people always respect the law? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 19. Have you ever blamed someone for doing something you knew was
     really your fault? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 20. Do you enjoy meeting new people? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 21. Are good manners very important? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 22. Are your feelings easily hurt? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 23. Are all your habits good and desirable ones? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 24. Do you tend to keep in the background on social occasions? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 25. Would you take drugs which may have strange or dangerous
     effects? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 26. Do you often feel "fed-up"? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 27. Have you ever taken anything (even a pin or button) that
     belonged to someone else? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 28. Do you like going out a lot? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 29. Do you prefer to go your own way rather than act by the rules? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 30. Do you enjoy hurting the people you love? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 31. Are you often troubled by feelings of guilt? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 32. Do you sometimes talk about things you know nothing about? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 33. Do you prefer reading to meeting people? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 34. Do you have enemies who want to harm you? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 35. Would you call yourself a nervous person? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 36. Do you have many friends? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 37. Do you enjoy practical jokes that can sometimes really hurt
     people? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 38. Are you a worrier? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 39. As a child did you do as you were told immediately and without
     grumbling? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 40. Would you call yourself happy-go-lucky? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 41. Do good manners and cleanliness matter much to you? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 42. Have you often gone against your parents' wishes? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 43. Do you worry about awful things that might happen? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 44. Have you ever broken or lost something belonging to someone
     else? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 45. Do you usually take the initiative in making new friends? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 46. Would you call yourself tense or "highly-strung"? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 47. Are you mostly quiet when you are with other people? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 48. Do you think marriage is old fashioned and should be done away
     with? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 49. Do you sometimes boast a little? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 50. Are you more easy-going about right and wrong than most people? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 51. Can you easily get some life into a rather dull party? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 52. Do you worry about your health? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 53. Have you ever said anything bad or nasty about anyone? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 54. Do you enjoy co-operating with others? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 55. Do you like telling jokes or funny stories to your friends? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 56. Do most things taste the same to you? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 57. As a child were you ever cheeky to your parents? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 58. Do you like mixing with people? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 59. Does it worry if you know there are mistakes in your work? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 60. Do you suffer from sleeplessness? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 61. Have people said you sometimes act too rashly? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 62. Do you always wash before a meal? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 63. Do you nearly always have a "ready answer" when people talk to
     you? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 64. Do you to arrive at appointments in plenty of time? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 65. Have you often felt listless and tired for no reason? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 66. Have you ever cheated at a game? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 67. Do you like doing things in which you have to act quickly? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 68. Is (or was) your mother a good woman? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 69. Do you often make decisions on the spur of the moment? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 70. Do you often feel life is very dull? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 71. Have you ever taken advantage of someone? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 72. Do you often take on more activities than you have time for? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 73. Are there several people who keep trying to avoid you? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 74. Do you worry a lot about your looks? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 75. Do you think people spend too much time safeguarding their
     future with savings and insurance? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 76. Have you ever wished that you were dead? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 77. Would you dodge paying taxes if you were sure you could never be
     found out? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 78. Can you get a party going? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 79. Do you try not to be rude to people? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 80. Do you worry too long after an embarrassing experience? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 81. Do you generally "look before you leap'? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 82. Have you ever insisted on having your own way? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 83. Do you suffer from "nerves"? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 84. Do you often feel lonely? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 85. Can you on the whole trust people to tell the truth? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 86. Do you always practice what you preach? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 87. Are you easily hurt when people find fault with you or the work
     you do? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 88. Is it better to follow society's rules than go your own way? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 89. Have you ever been late for an appointment or work? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 90. Do like plenty of bustle and excitement around you? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 91. Would you like other people to be afraid of you? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 92. Are sometimes bubbling over with energy and sometimes very
     sluggish? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 93. Do you sometimes put off for tomorrow what you ought to do
     today? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 94. Do other people think of you as being very lively? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 95. Do people tell you a lot of lies? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 96. Do you believe one has special duties to one's family? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 97. Are you touchy about some things? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 98. Are you always willing to admit it when you have made a mistake? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

 99. Would you feel very sorry for an animal caught in a trap? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

100. When your temper rises, do you find it difficult to control? 
          YES    NO
          [ ]   [ ]

Part 7: MacAndrew Alcoholism Scale (MAC)

THE FOLLOWING SECTION CONTAINS A NUMBER OF STATEMENTS.  READ EACH
STATEMENT AND DECIDE WHETHER OR NOT IT DESCRIBES YOU.  IF YOU AGREE
WITH THE STATEMENT AND DECIDES IT DESCRIBES YOU, CHECK THE BOX UNDER
THE "TRUE" COLUMN. IF YOU DISAGREE WITH THE STATEMENT AND FEEL IT DOES
NOT DESCRIBE YOU, CHECK THE BOX UNDER THE "FALSE" COLUMN.  PLEASE TRY
TO ANSWER EVERY STATEMENT.  REMEMBER TO GIVE YOUR OPINION OF YOURSELF.

    True False
1. I have a cough most of the time? [  ] [  ]
2. I pray several times a week? [  ] [  ]
3. Christ performed miracles such as changing water into wine. [  ] [  ]
4. Everything is turning out just as the prophets of the Bible said it would. [  ] [  ]
5. I do many things which I regret afterwards (I regret things more or more often than others seem to). [  ] [  ]
6. I am embarrassed by dirty stories. [  ] [  ]
7. I have had blank spells in which my activities were interrupted and I did not know what was going on around me. [  ] [  ]
8. I like to cook. [  ] [  ]
9. I like to read newspaper articles on crime. [  ] [  ]
10. Evil spirits possess me at times. [  ] [  ]
11. My soul sometimes leaves my body. [  ] [  ]
12. As a youngster I was suspended from school one or more times for cutting up. [  ] [  ]
13. I am a good mixer. [  ] [  ]
14. I have not lived the right kind of life. [  ] [  ]
15. I think I would the kind of work a forest ranger does. [  ] [  ]
16. I enjoy a race or a game better when I bet on it. [  ] [  ]
17. In school I was sometimes sent to the principal for cutting up. [  ] [  ]
18. I know who is responsible for most of my troubles. [  ] [  ]
19. The sight of blood neither frightens me nor makes me sick. [  ] [  ]
20. I have had periods in which I have carried on activities without knowing later what I was doing. [  ] [  ]
21. I frequently notice my hands shake when I am trying to do something. [  ] [  ]
22. My parents have often objected to the kind of people I go around with. [  ] [  ]
23. I have been quite independent and free from family rule. [  ] [  ]
24. I have few or no pains. [  ] [  ]
25. I sweat very easily even on cool days. [  ] [  ]
26. If I were a reporter I would very much like to report on sporting news. [  ] [  ]
27. I seem to make friends as quickly as others. [  ] [  ]
28. I deserve severe punishment for my sins. [  ] [  ]
29. I played hooky from schools quite often as a youngster. [  ] [  ]
30. I have at times had to be rough with people who were rude or annoying. [  ] [  ]
31. I was fond of excitement when I was young (or in my childhood). [  ] [  ]
32. I enjoy gambling for small stakes. [  ] [  ]
33. If I were in trouble with several friends who were equally to blame, I would rather take the whole blame than give them away. [  ] [  ]
34. While in trains, buses, etc., I often talk to strangers. [  ] [  ]
35. I readily become one hundred percent sold on a good idea. [  ] [  ]
36. I have frequently worked under people who seem to have things arranged so that they get credit for good work but are able to pass off mistakes onto those under them. [  ] [  ]
37. I would like to wear expensive clothes. [  ] [  ]
38. The one to whom I was most attached and whom I admired the most as a child was a woman (mother, sister, aunt, or other women). [  ] [  ]
39. I am certainly lacking in self-confidence. [  ] [  ]
40. My table manners are not quite as good at home as when I am out in company. [  ] [  ]
41. I have never vomited blood or coughed up blood. [  ] [  ]
42. I used to keep a diary. [  ] [  ]
43. I liked school. [  ] [  ]
44. I am worried about sex matters. [  ] [  ]
45. I have felt that strangers were looking at me critically. [  ] [  ]
46. I have never been in trouble with the law. [  ] [  ]
47. Many of my dreams are about sex matters. [  ] [  ]
48. I cannot keep my mind on one thing. [  ] [  ]
49. I have more trouble concentrating than others seem to. [  ] [  ]
50. I do not like to see women smoke. [  ] [  ]
51. Police are usually honest. [  ] [  ]

  Part 8: Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale

PLEASE READ THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS AND INDICATE HOW MUCH YOU AGREE
OR DISAGREE WITH EACH STATEMENT BY PLACING A TICK IN THE APPROPRIATE
BOX.

1. I feel I am a person of worth, at least on equal plane with others. Strongly Agree Agree Disagree Strongly Disagree
2. I feel that I have a number of good qualities.        
3. All in all, I am inclined to feel that I am a failure.        
4. I am able to do things as well as most other people.        
5. I feel I do not have much to be proud of.        
6. I take a positive attitude toward myself.        
7. On the whole, I am satisfied with myself.        
8. I wish I could have more respect for myself.        
9. I certainly feel useless at times.        
10. At times I think I am no good at all.        

  Part 9: Trait Anxiety Scale

A NUMBER OF STATEMENTS WHICH PEOPLE HAVE USED TO DESCRIBE THEMSELVES
ARE GIVEN BELOW. READ EACH STATEMENT AND CIRCLE THE NUMBER OF THE
RESPONSE WHICH DESCRIBES HOW YOU GENERALLY FEEL. THERE ARE NO RIGHT
OR WRONG ANSWERS. DO NOT SPEND TOO MUCH TIME ON ANY ONE STATEMENT
WHICH SEEMS TO DESCRIBE HOW YOU GENERALLY FEEL.

    Almost Never Sometimes Often Almost Always
1. I feel pleasant.        
2. I tire quickly.        
3. I feel like crying.        
4. I wish I could be as happy as others seem to be.        
5. I am losing out because I can't my mind soon enough.        
6. I feel rested.        
7. I am "calm, cool and collected".        
8. I feel that difficulties are piling up so that I cannot overcome them.        
9. I worry too much over something that doesn't really matter.        
10. I am happy.        
11. I am inclined to take things hard.        
12. I lack self-confidence.        
13. I feel secure.        
14. I try to avoid facing a crisis or difficulty.        
15. I feel blue.        
16. I am content.        
17. Some unimportant thoughts run through my head and bother me.        
18. I take disappointments so keenly that I can't put them out of my mind.        
19. I am a steady person.        
20. I get a state of tension or turmoil as I think over my recent concerns and interests.        

  Part 10: Barron Ego-Strength Scale

THE FOLLOWING SECTION CONTAINS A SERIES OF STATEMENTS.  READ EACH
STATEMENT AND DECIDE WHETHER OR NOT IT DESCRIBES YOU.  IF YOU AGREE
WITH THE STATEMENT AND DECIDE THAT IT DESCRIBES YOU, CHECK THE BOX
UNDER THE "TRUE" COLUMN. IF YOU DISAGREE WITH THE STATEMENT AND FEEL
IT DOES NOT DESCRIBE YOU, CHECK THE BOX UNDER THE "FALSE" COLUMN.
PLEASE TRY TO ANSWER EVERY STATEMENT. REMEMBER TO GIVE YOUR OWN
OPINION OF YOURSELF.

1. During the past few years I have been well most of the time. True False
2. I am in just as good physical health as most of my friends.    
3. I have never had a fainting spell.    
4. I feel weak all over most of the time.    
5. My hands have not become clumsy or awkward.    
6. I have a cough most of the time.    
7. I have a good appetite.    
8. I have diarrhoea once a month or more.    
9. At times I hear so well it bothers me.    
10. I seldom worry about my health.    
11. I feel sympathetic toward people who hang onto their griefs and troubles.    
12. I brood a great deal.    
13. I frequently find myself worrying about something.    
14. I have met problems so full of possibilities that I have been unable to make up my mind about them.    
15. I get mad easily and then get over it soon.    
16. Whenever I leave home, I do not worry about whether the door is locked and the windows are closed.    
17. Sometimes some unimportant thought will run through my mind and bother me for days.    
18. Often I cross the street in order not to meet someone I see.    
19. I dream frequently about things best kept to myself.    
20. I go to church almost every week.    
21. I pray several times a week.    
22. Christ performed miracles such as changing water into wine.    
23. Everything is turning out just like the prophets in the Bible said it would.    
24. I have had some very unusual religious experiences.    
25. I believe my sins are unpardonable.    
26. I would certainly enjoy beating a crook at his own game.    
27. When I get bored I like to stir up some excitement.    
28. I can be friendly with people who do things which I consider wrong.    
29. Some people are so bossy that I feel like doing the opposite of what they request, even though I know they are right.    
30. I like to flirt.    
31. I am attracted by members of the opposite sex.    
32. I never attend a sexy show if I can avoid it.    
33. I like to talk about sex.    
34. Sometimes I enjoy hurting people I love.    
35. I have had very peculiar and strange experiences.    
36. I have strange and peculiar thoughts.    
37. When I am with people, I am bothered by hearing very queer things.    
38. At times I have fits of laughing and crying that I cannot control.    
39. I have no difficulty in keeping my balance in walking.    
40. Parts of my body often have feelings like burning, tingling, crawling or like "going to sleep".    
41. My skin seems to be unusually sensitive to touch.    
42. In my home we have always had the ordinary necessities (such as enough food, clothing, etc.).    
43. I am easily downed in an argument.    
44. I find it hard to keep my mind on a task or a job.    
45. My way of doing things is apt to be misunderstood by others.    
46. I sometimes feel that I am about to go to pieces.    
47. I feel tired a good deal of the time.    
48. If I were an artist I would like to draw flowers.    
49. If I were an artist I would like to draw children.    
50. I like collecting flowers or growing houseplants.    
51. I am made nervous by certain animals.    
52. Dirt frightens or disgusts me.    
53. I am afraid of finding myself in a closet or in a small closed space.    
54. I have often been frightened in the middle of the night.    
55. I like science.    
56. I very much like horseback riding.    
57. The man who had most to do with me when I was a child (such as my father, stepfather etc.) was very strict with me.    
58. One or more members of my family is very nervous.    
59. My sleep is fitful and disturbed.    
60. When someone says ignorant things about something I know about, I try to set him/her right.    
61. I feel unable to tell anyone all about myself.    
62. My plans have frequently seemed so full of difficulties that I have had to give them up.    
63. I am not afraid of fire.    
64. Policemen are usually honest.    

Part 11: Stress
 

 1. Have you lost a job or been unemployed in the past two years?

Yes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
No. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

 If yes,

 2. Exactly, how long ago?

number of years ago. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .____
number of months ago . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .____

 3. Has your spouse/partner started working within the past two years?

Yes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
No. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

 4. Has your spouse/partner lost a job within the last two years?

Yes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
No. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

 5. Have you had any financial problems in the past two years?

Yes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
No. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

 6. Have you quit or retired from work in the last two years?

Yes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
No. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

 7. Have you stopped going to school in the past two years?

Yes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
No. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

 8. Have you moved in the past two years?

Yes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
No. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

 9. Has someone moved in with you during the past two years?

Yes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
No. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

10. Do you have any children?

Yes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
No. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

11. Have you had a baby in the past two years?

Yes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
No  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

12. Has someone moved out of your home in the past two years?

Yes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
No  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

Part 12: Family Background

1. Are you currently married or living with your partner?

Yes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
No. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

If yes,

2. How old is your partner?

number of years . . . . . . . . . . . . . ________

3. How old were you when you married or started living with your partner?

number of years . . . . . . . . . . . . . ________

4. How long have you been married to (or living) with your partner?

number of years . . . . . . . . . . . . . ._______

5. Did you ever see your mother hit your father?

Yes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
No. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

6. Did you ever see your father hit your mother?

Yes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]
No. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[ ]

Next: Appendix C

___________
Updates:
2001 02 10 (format changes)
2003 10 01 (format changes)